Genesis of Money Laundering – “Plata o Plomo”

In the field of Financial Crime Risk, operations, compliance, management, detection, investigations and prevention, the Professional and Certified Anti Money Laundering specialists (CAMS) and crime professionals have not yet all formally agreed on when or where the concept and act of “#money laundering” came from or invented.

Some have argued that money laundering was not invented during the “#Prohibition” era in the United States, but many techniques were developed, finetuned, panel beaten, and refined then. Many methods were devised to disguise the origins of money generated by the sale of then-illegal alcoholic beverages. Many have Followed Al Capone’s 1931 conviction for tax evasion. The term “money laundering” itself does not derive, as is often said, from the story that Al Capone used Laundromats to hide ill-gotten gains.

We all must remember though that one mobster Meyer Lansky transferred funds from New Orleans, Louisiana – home of the famous Bourbon Street and the French Quarters – slot machines to accounts overseas. Again, after the 1934 Swiss Banking Act which created the principle of bank secrecy, Meyer Lansky bought a Swiss bank where he did transfer his illegal funds through a complex system of shell companies, holding companies and offshore accounts. Yet others have stated and categorically so that it was Meyer Lansky that perfected money laundering’s older brother, “capital flight,” transferring his funds to Switzerland and other offshore places.

Others have argued that the first reference to the term “money laundering” itself appeared during the Watergate scandal. US President Richard Nixon’s “Committee to Re-elect the President” moved illegal campaign contributions to Mexico, then brought the money back through a company in Miami. It was Britain’s Guardian newspaper that coined the term, referring to the process as “laundering.”

Still, the AML story may not be complete without the mention of one well known but notorious character Pablo Escobar. The bloody leader was one of the most profitable of the Medellin drug gangs. At one time his gang was so successful that they were spending $2,500 of dollars a month on rubber bands to wrap around their bundles of cash (US Dollars).

Bribery, Corruption and intimidation characterized one Pablo Escobar’s dealings with the Colombian system. He had an effective, inescapable policy in dealing with law enforcement and other government officials, referred to as “plata o plomo,” (literally silver or lead, colloquially [accept] money or [face] bullets).

Pablo’s violent policy of modus operandi resulted in the deaths of hundreds of individuals, including civilians, police officers and other government officials or anyone who stood in their way or bystanders. It has been well documented that Escobar bribed countless government officials, judges, and other politicians!

The “son of a gun” used Financial Institutions, mostly banks to launder his money mostly in cash. It is worth noting that money laundering represents the proceeds of some very unpleasant activities indeed and sources. Drugs, corruption, illegal arms deals and other serious predicate offenses of money laundering the impact of which is debilitating on any society.

Published by Kemman

Financial Crime Compliance (FCC) professional. Passionate about AML/CTF, Sanctions, ABC, KYC, CDD. Member of the World Advisory Council Association of Certified Fraud Examiners-ACFE. Member of the African Task Force Committee - ACAMS. Presenter at International Conferences-ACAMS&ACFE. Certified Fraud Examiner-CFE. ACFE & ACAMS. Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialist-CAMS. Certified Anti-Bribery and Corruption-ABC. Founder member of Institute of Directors (IoD) Zambia Chapter. Founder - Managerial Accountability & Transparency. Two-term of two years Chairperson of the Bankers Association of Zambia Fraud Prevention and Security Committee. SADC and COMESA Consultant on Crime & Corruption Prevention & management Strategies. Former Area Head for Southern & East Africa. Professionally trained “trainer of trainers” & core facilitator. Proficient with proven track record of exceptional abilities in management and leadership for performance. Corporate Governance, capacity building, Institutional & Organizational development, business process re-engineering. Technical expertise is coupled with excellent interpersonal, team building, communication and presentation skills.

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